What Can Horses Eat

What Can Horses Eat: Vital Information for Horse Owners

by | Jun 19, 2023 | Equine Barn & Stall Supplies, Equine Feed

For eons, horses have been more than just transport for us humans. They’ve carried our dreams, shared our victories and offered us companionship that rivals that of any household pet. But beneath the beauty and grace of these majestic creatures are complex nutritional needs. The diet of a horse is an intricate symphony of elements that come together to give it the strength and vitality we’ve admired throughout history. Therefore, understanding what horses can eat is vital to any horse owner. A carefully balanced diet can enhance their performance, impact their health, and affect their temperament. So, what exactly can horses eat?

Understanding Horse Nutrition Basics

Horses, unlike humans and other domesticated animals, have a unique digestive system. It’s specifically designed to extract nutrients from plant-based materials, such as grass and hay. Their long, slow digestive system relies heavily on fermentation to break down food and extract the nutrients they need to stay healthy and active.

Understanding this is paramount to choosing the right diet for your horse. Key nutritional needs of horses include carbohydrates for energy, protein for muscle development, fats for concentrated energy, vitamins for various bodily functions, and minerals for bone health.

Also, as an essential component of their diet, horses require access to clean, fresh water at all times. A product like the Classic Equine EZFOUNT Waterer ensures your horse stays hydrated by providing a constant supply of fresh water.

The Essential Elements of a Horse's Diet

The mainstay of a horse’s diet is hay and grain. High-quality hay, like Timothy or Orchard grass hay, forms the bulk of their diet, providing necessary fiber and nutrients. Grains such as oats and corn offer additional calories for energy. However, these should be fed in moderation due to their high sugar content. You can purchase “sample size” of Timothy hay online to see if it’s a good fit for your horse (i.e something they will eat)

Water is perhaps the most crucial part of a horse’s diet. Horses can consume up to 10 gallons of water per day, so providing unlimited access to clean water is essential. Automatic horse waterers are a reliable way to ensure this.

Vitamins and minerals also play a significant role in a horse’s diet. These are usually found in their hay and grains, but in some cases, a supplement like Farnam Vita Plus Complete Vitamin & Mineral Supplement may be necessary to provide all the necessary nutrients.

Fruits, Veggies, Candy, What Else Can Horses Eat?

While hay and grains form the majority of a horse’s diet, fruits and vegetables can be incorporated as treats. Apples and carrots are favorite treats for many horses. However, these should be fed sparingly due to their sugar content.

Some horses also enjoy other fruits and vegetables such as bananas, celery, and squash. Be sure to introduce new foods slowly and in small amounts to avoid upsetting your horse’s stomach. Treats, like Manna Pro Bite-Size Nuggets, can be given to reward good behavior or simply to spoil your horse a little.

There are, however, foods that horses should never eat. Chocolate, caffeine, and other stimulants can cause serious health issues. The same goes for onions, garlic, and certain fruits like avocados and cherries, which can be toxic to horses.

Understanding your horse’s diet and providing them with the correct balance of nutrients is a complex but vital part of horse ownership. Horses have served us faithfully for thousands of years – it is only fair that we return the favor by ensuring their nutritional needs are met.

Spotting and Preventing Equine Nutritional Disorders

Unfortunately, it’s not always smooth sailing on the sea of equine nutrition. Nutritional disorders can pose significant threats to a horse’s health. Colic, for instance, is a common and often fatal condition that results from digestive disturbances. Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS), another disorder, is often linked to a diet high in sugar and low in fiber.

It’s crucial to keep a watchful eye on your horse’s diet to prevent these disorders. Regular monitoring of your horse’s weight and body condition is a good starting point. A product like the Horse Weighing Tape can be a useful tool in regularly assessing your horse’s body condition.

In case of any changes in your horse’s eating habits, appearance, or behavior, seeking veterinary help promptly is vital. Horses are stoic creatures and often don’t show signs of illness until their condition has advanced. So, regular check-ups with your veterinarian should also be a part of your routine.

Comparing Commercial Horse Feeds

The equine nutrition market is as diverse as it is vast, offering numerous commercial feeds designed to cater to the needs of different types of horses. Understanding horse feed labels is your first line of defense against feeding your horse an inappropriate diet. Look for feeds with high fiber and low sugar content, especially if your horse is not involved in strenuous activity.

Commercial feeds like Purina Equine Senior Active Horse Feed and Nutrena SafeChoice Maintenance Horse Feed offer balanced nutrition tailored for specific life stages or activity levels. These can be particularly beneficial for horse owners who don’t have access to high-quality forage.

When choosing a feed, considerations such as your horse’s age, workload, health status, and availability of forage should guide your decision. Remember, no commercial feed can replace good-quality hay and clean water in a horse’s diet.


To comprehend the importance of a balanced diet for horses is to understand their biology, their needs, and ultimately their well-being. A horse’s diet significantly influences their health, performance, and lifespan. As stewards of these remarkable creatures, we must be armed with the knowledge that ensures their lives are as healthy and fulfilling as they can be. Learning about horse nutrition should not be a one-time thing; it is a journey that should continue as long as we are fortunate enough to share our lives with horses. By providing them with the proper nutrition, we give back to these incredible beings for the joy, companionship, and indomitable spirit they offer us.

About The Author

<a href="https://www.equiniction.com/author/issabella-m/" target="_self">Issabella Mitchel</a>

Issabella Mitchel

Isabella is a remarkable equestrian and racehorse trainer, hailing from the horse capital of the world, Kentucky. Growing up in the heart of bluegrass country, she developed a deep affinity for horses from an early age.

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